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Terms and Definitions

Annex B – Terms and Definitions

Civil Works

Following the Report on the Quarterly Survey of Construction Output, civil works refer to construction works performed by main contractors at construction sites by end-use group nature named “Structures and facilities” which include transport, other utilities & plant, environment and sports & recreation.

Following the definition under the Report on the Quarterly Report of Employment and Vacancies at Construction Sites, civil engineering works include railways, roads, highways, bridges, airport, port works, water works, drainage, reclamation, excavation works, site formation, rest gardens, open spaces, sport grounds, other urban services facilities, service stations and plant and other related construction project.

New Building Works

Following the Report on the Quarterly Survey of Construction Output, new building works refer to the construction works performed by main contractors at construction sites by end-use group nature named “Buildings” which include residential, commercial, industrial & storage and service

Following the definition under the Report on the Quarterly Report of Employment and Vacancies at Construction Sites, building works include residential buildings, commercial buildings, industrial buildings and general superstructure erection depending on its nature of works or the end-use of the construction project.

RMAA works

Following the Report on the Quarterly Survey of Construction Output, RMAA works refers to the construction works at locations other than sites, including general trades and special trades.

General trades include decoration, repair and maintenance and construction works at minor work locations such as site investigation, demolition, and structural alternation and addition works.

Special trades include carpentry, electrical equipment, ventilation, gas and water fitting installation and maintenance etc.

Labour Department defines RMAA works as those repair, maintenance, alteration & addition works and also refer to those minor works such as construction projects for village type houses in the N.T., minor alterations, repairs, maintenance and interior decoration of existing buildings.

New Works

Labour Department defines New Works as those construction sites where new development or re-development works are being carried out. This included, without limited to, building, piling, demolition, site formation and civil engineering works.

Construction Site

It refers to a demarcated locality where one or more stages of construction work are being carried on.

Public Sector

Following the Report on the Quarterly Survey of Construction Output, public sector construction works includes project commissioned by the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, MTR Corporation Limited and Airport Authority. Projects under the Home Ownership Scheme, which are commissioned by Housing Authority, are also included.

Following the Report on the Quarterly Report of Employment and Vacancies at Construction Sites, public sector sites refer to those under the control of Government departments, the Airport Authority and the MTR.

Private Sector

Following the Report on the Quarterly Survey of Construction Output, private sector construction works includes projects commissioned by private developers. Project under the Private Sector Participation Scheme are also included.

The private sector data in Table 3 includes those construction works carried out at locations other than sites, i.e. decoration, repair and maintenance, works at minor works location, etc.

Following the Report on the Quarterly Report of Employment and Vacancies at Construction Sites, private sector sites refer to those registered with the Buildings Department, including superstructure on sites above the MTR Stations.

Intermediate consumption

The intermediate consumption of the construction industry comprise the expenses on consumption of building materials and supplies on sites and sundry supplies in business operation, rentals, expenses on repair and maintenance and other services such as transportation, technical consultancy, insurance, etc. Consumption of materials and supplies is obtained by adjusting the value of purchases by changes in inventories net of price appreciation. Payments to labour-only sub-contractors are included in compensation of employees.

Public Sector Site (H&S indicators)

Public sector sites include sites under the Development Bureau, Housing Authority, other government departments, MTR Corporation Limited and Airport Authority.

Private Sector Site (H&S indicators)

Private sector sites refer to sites other than public sector sites (Development Bureau, Housing Authority, other government departments, MTR Corporation Limited and Airport Authority).

Manual Workers

Following the Report on the Quarterly Report of Employment and Vacancies at Construction Sites, manual workers at construction site are people either directly employed by the main contractor, or being called upon by sub-contractors or gangers to work in the construction site on the survey reference date. They include skilled, semi-skilled and general workers. Professional and administrative personnel such as architects, engineers, surveyors, contract managers, site agents, clerks of works, technicians, site foremen and general clerical staff are EXCLUDED. Number of manual workers also excludes the workers work for RMAA works. For sites under the charge of Government departments, manual workers in some 40 selected major occupations at the skilled and semi-skilled levels are covered in the administrative returns furnished by the respective Government departments.


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